The frontier of simulation-based inference, Kyle Cranmer, Johann Brehmer, Gilles Louppe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences(2020)


Many domains of science have developed complex simulations to describe phenomena of interest. While these simulations provide high-fidelity models, they are poorly suited for inference and lead to challenging inverse problems. We review the rapidly developing field of simulation-based inference and identify the forces giving additional momentum to the field. Finally, we describe how the frontier is expanding so that a broad audience can appreciate the profound influence these developments may have on science.